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L'exploitation du phoque à l'embouchure du Saguenay par les Iroquoiens de 1000 à 1534

L'exploitation du phoque à l'embouchure du Saguenay par les Iroquoiens de 1000 à 1534
SKU: 553115

During the early period of silviculture in Quebec (1000–1534), the St. Lawrence Iroquois were active in exploiting marine resources—particularly seals—around the mouth of the Saguenay River. The Iroquois likely came from the Québec City area, where their base camps were located. They had adapted to the rich marine resources of the estuary over time, becoming the most mobile of the St. Lawrence Valley Iroquois. In this study, the author describes two seasonal hunts. The first took place in spring, when male hunters drew on large populations of Greenland seals. The second was in summer, when entire families hunted grey seals and common seals. The by-products of the seal hunt would have been used as food reserves, raw materials or trade items. The author also presents the hypothesis that these excursions into the river estuary were not necessarily related to the precarious nature of agricultural pursuits in the Québec City region, given that agricultural practices would have been adopted only in the fourteenth or even at the beginning of the fifteenth century.

Michel Plourde is an archaeologist specializing in Quebec prehistory. He works as an archaeological consultant with a range of public, paragovernmental and private organizations. Since 2007, he has also been a lecturer with the Department of History at the Université Laval, where he teaches archaeological excavation techniques to first-year students. With a Master’s degree and a Doctorate in Archaeology from the Department of Archaeology at the Université de Montréal, the author has also studied the use of pottery among First Peoples living beyond its primary areas of production, both in the St. Lawrence River estuary and around James Bay. He has written on the potential location of Stadacona, on seal-hunting techniques of the First Peoples of southern Quebec and on how small archaeological sites contribute to our understanding of nomadic groups.

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